Tooth loosening (periodontal disease) is a condition that affects the tooth’s supporting tissues. It needs to be treated by periodontal specialists. Collaboration between the patient, periodontal specialist and dental hygienist is needed to make the best recovery.
Periodontal disease – loosening of the teeth – is a condition that affects the supporting tissue around your teeth. If this tissue is destroyed, it can mean the tooth becomes loose and is then lost. Gum disease has several stages of development.
The first stage is gingivitis. This affects only the gums and is characterised by inflammation: the gums are bleeding, red and swollen.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can spread to the bone. Your teeth are surrounded by bone that anchors them to the jaw. If nothing is done, the bone, ligaments and all the other tissue that support and surround your teeth are gradually destroyed, which can lead to the loss of one or several teeth. This is known as periodontal disease.
It is the main cause of tooth loss in adults. Nearly 75% of adults have various degrees of gum problems over their lifetime and the disease can also affect young people.
Several factors contribute to the occurrence of periodontal disease
- Poor dental hygiene
- Weak immune system
- Genetic factors
- Some medicines
The signs of periodontal disease
The signs of periodontal disease are:
- Bad breath
- Sensitive, red and swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Wobbly teeth
Dental specialists – known as periodontal specialists – support your recovery from the disease. Close cooperation should be developed between the patient, specialist and dental hygienist for the best chance of success.
How to prevent gum disease?
Here are a few simple daily steps:
- Using a toothbrush is the best way to clean your teeth
- Floss, toothpicks or interdental brushes can also be used for a full clean between the teeth, where bacteria and dirt like to gather.
Good dental hygiene can therefore prevent the build-up of plaque and tartar on your teeth and stop harmful bacteria growing and spreading. Regular visits to the dentist also ensure good oral health. They will remove tartar build-up on the enamel and give you tips to help keep your teeth and gums healthy.