Tooth loosening (periodontal disease) is a condition that affects the tooth’s supporting tissues. It needs to be treated by periodontal specialists. Collaboration between the patient, periodontal specialist and dental hygienist is needed to make the best recovery.
Periodontal disease – loosening of the teeth – is a condition that affects the supporting tissue around your teeth. If this tissue is destroyed, it can mean the tooth becomes loose and is then lost. Gum disease has several stages of development.
The first stage is gingivitis. This affects only the gums and is characterised by inflammation: the gums are bleeding, red and swollen.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can spread to the bone. Your teeth are surrounded by bone that anchors them to the jaw. If nothing is done, the bone, ligaments and all the other tissue that support and surround your teeth are gradually destroyed, which can lead to the loss of one or several teeth. This is known as periodontal disease.
It is the main cause of tooth loss in adults. Nearly 75% of adults have various degrees of gum problems over their lifetime and the disease can also affect young people.